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How is the development of my baby inside the belly?





First trimester (week 1-week 12)

At four to five weeks:

- Your baby's brain and spinal cord have begun to form

- The heart begins to form

- Arm and leg buds appear

- Your baby is now an embryo and one-twenty-fifth inch long


First trimester (week 1-week 12)

At eight weeks:

- All major organs and external body structures have begun to form

- Your baby's heart beats with a regular rhythm

- The arms and legs grow longer, and fingers and toes have begun to form

- The sex organs begin to form

- The eyes have moved forward on the face and eyelids have formed

- The umbilical cord is clearly visible

- At the end of eight weeks, your baby is a fetus and looks more like a human. Your baby is nearly 1 inch long and weighs less than one-eighth ounce

 

First trimester (week 1-week 12)

At 12 weeks:

- The nerves and muscles begin to work together. Your baby can make a fist

- The external sex organs show if your baby is a boy or girl. A woman who has an ultrasound in the second trimester or later might be able to find out the baby's sex

- Eyelids close to protect the developing eyes. They will not open again until the 28th week

- Head growth has slowed, and your baby is much longer. Now, at about 3 inches long, your baby weighs almost an ounce


Second trimester (week 13-week 28)

At 16 weeks:

- Muscle tissue and bone continue to form, creating a more complete skeleton

- Skin begins to form. You can nearly see through it

- Meconium (mih-KOH-nee-uhm) develops in your baby's intestinal tract. This will be your baby's first bowel movement

- Your baby makes sucking motions with the mouth (sucking reflex)

- Your baby reaches a length of about 4 to 5 inches and weighs almost 3 ounces 

 

Second trimester (week 13-week 28)

At 20 weeks:

- Your baby is more active. You might feel slight fluttering

- Your baby is covered by fine, downy hair called lanugo (luh-NOO-goh) and a waxy coating called vernix. This protects the forming skin underneath

- Eyebrows, eyelashes, fingernails, and toenails have formed. Your baby can even scratch itself

- Your baby can hear and swallow

- Now halfway through your pregnancy, your baby is about 6 inches long and weighs about 9 ounces


Second trimester (week 13-week 28)

At 24 weeks:

- Bone marrow begins to make blood cells

- Taste buds form on your baby's tongue

- Footprints and fingerprints have formed

- Real hair begins to grow on your baby's head

- The lungs are formed, but do not work

- The hand and startle reflex develop

- Your baby sleeps and wakes regularly

- If your baby is a boy, his testicles begin to move from the abdomen into the scrotum. If your baby is a girl, her uterus and ovaries are in place, and a lifetime supply of eggs have formed in the ovaries

- Your baby stores fat and has gained quite a bit of weight. Now at about 12 inches long, your baby weighs about 1½ pounds 


Third trimester (week 29-week 40)

At 32 weeks:

- Your baby's bones are fully formed, but still soft

- Your baby's kicks and jabs are forceful

- The eyes can open and close and sense changes in light

- Lungs are not fully formed, but practice "breathing" movements occur

- Your baby's body begins to store vital minerals, such as iron and calcium

- Lanugo begins to fall off

- Your baby is gaining weight quickly, about one-half pound a week. Now, your baby is about 15 to 17 inches long and weighs about 4 to 4½ pounds


Third trimester (week 29-week 40)

At 36 weeks:

- The protective waxy coating called vernix gets thicker

- Body fat increases. Your baby is getting bigger and bigger and has less space to move around. Movements are less forceful, but you will feel stretches and wiggles

- Your baby is about 16 to 19 inches long and weighs about 6 to 6½ pounds 


Third trimester (week 29-week 40)

Weeks 37–40:

- At 39 weeks, your baby is considered full-term. Your baby's organs are ready to function on their own

- As you near your due date, your baby may turn into a head-down position for birth. Most babies "present" head down

- At birth, your baby may weigh somewhere between 6 pounds 2 ounces and 9 pounds 2 ounces and be 19 to 21 inches long. Most full-term babies fall within these ranges. But healthy babies come in many different sizes


https://www.womenshealth.gov/pregnancy/youre-pregnant-now-what/stages-pregnancy